Many bulk printing operations today are centered around Screen Printing machines. When it became simple to import silk mesh from the East. A necessary component of screen printing, it first gained popularity in the 18th century.
Due to the simple customization options it provides, screen printing gained popularity in the advertising world in the 19th century. Also, people use it across many industries, including electronics and retail.
While we can do screen printing manually, especially when you only need small print runs, it is frequently automated. Moreover, it uses high-tech inks and materials along with computer technology to produce large quantities of prints. One of screen printing’s biggest benefits is that it can virtually print on any surface, including fabric, paper, glass, wood, card, plastic, or leather.
What Is Screen Printing?
The process of screen printing consists of a mesh screen, ink, and a squeegee. We can also call it silk screening or silk screen printing to transfer a stenciled design onto a surface (a rubber blade). Screen printing’s fundamental procedure entails creating a stencil on a mesh screen before pressing ink to create. Furthermore, imprint the design on the substrate below.
Although you can also use metal, wood, and plastic, paper and fabric are the most typical surfaces for screen printing. There are many reasons why this technique is so popular, but you can utilize the most compelling one is the enormous range of colors.
How Does It Work?
The fundamental procedure for screen printing is always the same, whether you perform it manually or with a machine. The types of ink used, how we use them, and the printed surface can all differ.
The steps for screen printing are listed below:
Step 1: Creation of Design
Making the design is the first step in the screen-printing process. Following the selection of a design, it is printed onto a transparent acetate film that will serve as the screen or stencil.
Step 2: Choosing and setting up the screen.
You should choose the screen, and the mesh count should be chosen once the design is ready to go. The total number of fibers in a square inch, which we call the mesh count. The design is printed will determine the mesh size you need:
If you want to print finer details, you can with a higher mesh count while still maintaining a thin ink layer. On the other hand, wider openings on screens with low mesh counts allow the ink to pass through. After you choose the mesh screen, a layer of light-reactive emulsion is applied to it.
Step 3: Exposing the Emulsion
Under a bright light that causes the emulsion to harden and develop, we position the transparent acetate film on the emulsion-coated mesh screen. You must use separate screens for each color when the design uses multiple colors.
Step 4: Creating the Stencil
The uncovered portions of the screen will harden when exposed for a predetermined amount of time. Also, you have to rinse any unhardened emulsion that is still present to leave a clear imprint on the screen.
After drying out the screen, the printer will perform any necessary touch-ups to ensure that the imprint is as close as possible to the original design.
STEP 5: Print Preparation
The printing board is laid out flat with the material to be printed on it, and you will place the screen on top of the material in the desired position.
Step 6: Applying the Design
The printed design will come to life in this step. Lower the screen to reach the printing board. At the same time, you have to expand the top of the screen with the desired color ink.
After that, it will distribute uniformly along the length of the screen by a squeegee. Now you can see the printed design on the product as a result of the ink pressing through the stencil’s open spaces and transferring to the silk beneath.
Once you print all the items, the stencil’s purpose is done completely. To reuse the mesh for making new stencils, you can remove the emulsion using a specialized washing fluid.
Step: 7 Heat Curing and Finishing
Finally, you can use a dryer to heat-cure the printed product, producing a smooth design. We do this to prevent the design from fading.
Advantages Of Screen Printing
One of the main advantages of screen printing is that it’s a really good option for bulk printing because it’s so affordable.
Other advantages are:
- An output of higher quality than digital prints
- We can use it on a variety of different print media, including glass, wood, textiles, signs, banners, electronics, and much more. Moreover, it is more long-lasting for prints to use over the long term.
- In specific areas of the print material, printing is simple.
Get your desired screen printing machine from DSTAR, they supply worldwide, and their printing machines are of top quality.
Disadvantages Of Screen Printing
The fact that screen printing requires more time and has a much higher initial setup cost than digital printing is one of its main drawbacks. Among the drawbacks of screen printing are:
There are fewer color options available. The user cannot customize the design because the amount of ink used can give the impression that it is raised from the print material. That is not the case with digital printing.
Where Can I Buy a Screen-Printing Machine?
If a client wants prints that are of higher quality and look more professional, we always suggest screen printing. We make sure that our clients are aware of the additional time required to prepare the screens and the costs associated with screen printing, though.
Screen printing works best for large orders that don’t need a lot of customization or color variety. Additionally, due to recent advancements in digital printing, more print materials, such as glass and wood, are now being used more frequently.
DSTAR has the most affordable and trendy Automatic Screen Printer, which you can use for all your printing needs.